USS ENTERPRISE (CVN-65)

In 1949, at the dawn of nuclear power, the US Navy had suggested the possibility of using nuclear power to power a warship. Two types of ships were suggested, submarines and aircraft carriers, and in 1956 the FY58 program was authorized for the construction of the first nuclear aircraft carrier in history, the CVAN-65 Enterprise, affectionately nicknamed the “Big E”.

USS ENTERPRISE (CVN-65) gallery and more info

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Country of origin

United States

Builder

Newport News Shipbuilding

Type

Nuclear-powered aircraft carrier

Entered service

1961

Complement

Total: 5,695 (3,215 ship's crew + 2,480 air group)

Displacement, (full load)

Originally: 91,034 tonnes – Later: 93,970 tonnes

Dimensions (length x beam x draught)

Originally: 335.28 x 76.81 x 10.97 meters – Later: 342.30 x 78.40 x 10.97 meters

Power plant

8 x Westinghouse A2W nuclear reactors – 4 x Westinghouse geared steam turbines

Power, (total)

280,000 shp

Shafts - Screws

4 shafts – 4 screws

Speed

33 Knots (61 km/h)

Aircrafts

1962: F.4B Phantom II + A.4D.2N Skyhawk + F.8E Crusader + A.1H Skyrider + A.5A Vigilante + A.3 Skywarrior + RF.8A Crusader + E.1B Tracer + EA.1F Skyrider + C.2 Trader
1980s: F.14 Tomcat + A.7 Corsair II / FA.18A Hornet + A.6E Intruder + KA.6D Intruder + S.3A Viking + E.2C Hawkeye + EA.6B Prowler
2000s: F.14 Tomcat + FA.18C Hornet + S.3A Viking + E.2C Hawkeye + EA.6B Prowler + C.2A Greyhound
2012: FA.18E/F Super Hornet + FA.18C Hornet + E.2C Hawkeye + EA.6B Prowler + C.2A Greyhound

Helicopters

1962: Piasecki HUP.2 + Sikorsky HU.2K Seasprite
1980s: SH.3 Sea King
2000s: SH.60 Seahawk + HH.60H Rescue Hawk
2012: SH.60F Ocean Hawk + HH.60H Rescue Hawk

Guns/CIWS

1981: 3 x 20mm six barreled Vulcan Phalanx CIWS – 2005; replaced by RAM missiles

SAM launcher

1966: 2 x 8-cells Mk.25 Sea Sparrow missile launchers
1981: 3 x 8-cells Mk.29 Sea Sparrow missile launchers
2005: 3 x o8-cells Mk.29 Sea Sparrow launchers + 2 x 21-cells RAM short-range missile launchers