Tupolev TU-22 “BLINDER”

In the mid-1950s, with the improvement of Western air defenses, the Soviet Air Force requested Tupolev a project for a supersonic bomber capable to penetrate these defenses carrying the same weapons load as Tu-16 Badger bomber. Tupolev presented two candidates, the Tu-98 Backfin and the Tu-102, which was subsequently designated as Tu-105, and which turned out to be the winner. Finally in 1959 the Tu-105A was presented, which would result in the series aircraft designated as Tu-22 Blinder. The first aircrafts entered service in 1962, under designation Tu-22B Blinder-A variant, and their performances were not as spectacular as the look of the new bomber. Different versions entered service, such as the improved Tu-22K Blinder-B bomber, Tu-22R Blinder-C for reconnaissance missions, Tu-22UB Blinder-D training variant and Tu-22P Blinder-E for ELINT missions. Altogether 313 Tu-22 Blinder aircrafts were manufactured and currently none of them remain in service.

TU-22 BLINDER gallery and more info


Información adicional

Ficha Completa
Country of origin

Soviet Union




Bomber aircraft

Entered service




Combat weight

92,000 kg

Dimensions (length x wingspan x height)

42.60 x 23.50 x 9.98 meters

Wing area

162 m2

Power plant

2 x Dobrynin RD.7ND turbojets, 122.6 kN dry or 161.8 kN with afterburner (each)

Power, (total)

245.2 kN (130,936 hp) dry – 323.6 kN (172,802 hp) afterburner


Max. Mach 1.52 (1,616 km/h)

Climb rate

762 meters per minute

Ceiling, (maximum)

13,300 meters


5,650 km

Combat radius

2,200 km in hi-lo-hi mission


1 x 23mm R-23 gun in tail turret + 9,000 kg bomb load


Unguided type: 500 kg – 9,000 kg FAB-9000 – Nuclear types

Cruise missiles

Kh-22 / AS-4 "Kitchen" ALCM


313 of all variants