9K31 STRELA-1 / SA-9 “GASKIN”

9K31 Strela-1 or SA-9 “Gaskin” is a low-high, short-range anti-aircraft missile system developed in the Soviet Union in the late 1960s along with the man portable SA.7 “Grail” missile. They are usually deployed within motorized infantry and armored regiments, and protects them from interdiction aircraft and attack helicopters. They operate jointly with ZSU.23-4 “Shilka” self-propelled anti-aircraft vehicles in 4-vehicle batteries. Each battery is formed by 1 locator radar and 3 launcher vehicles. The launcher vehicle is the BRDM.2, an amphibious high mobility 4×4 armoured reconnaissance vehicle, that mounts 4 ready to fire missiles,  packed in 2 pairs of boxes in a folding turret. There is an improved version designed as SA-9B Strela-1M, developed very shortly after, and entered into service in 1970. The “Gaskin” has been and remains in service in more than 30 countries, constituting a big sales success for the Soviet armament’s industry.

SA-9 GASKIN gallery and more info

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Country of origin

Soviet Union

Builder

OKB-16 Design bureau, Soviet Factories

Type

Self propelled anti aircraft missile vehicle (SPAAM)

Entered service

1968

Crew

3

Combat weight

7,000 kg

Dimensions (length x width x height)

5.75 x 2.35 x 2.31 meters

Armour, (maximum)

All welded steel, 14mm

Powerplant

1 x GAZ.41 petrol engine, 140 hp

Speed

max. 100 km/h – 10 km/h on water

Range

750 km

Armament

2 x 9M31 / 9M31M twin missile launcher

Ammunition

4 missiles ready to fire

Missile/bomb dimensions, (length x diameter)

1.80 x 0.12 meters

Missile/bomb weight

32 kg

Missile speed

Mach 1.8 (2,205 km/h)

Missile range

9M31: 6.5 km – 9M31M: 8 km

Guidance system

Infra Red homing seeker

Warhead, (explosive charge)

HE fragmentation, 2.60 kg

Production

1,200 systems, used by 55 countries